Date published 28 June 2019
Last reviewed 12 December 2022

Prevention in focus - Organisational change and economic recovery"Crime and corruption prosper when individuals put their private interests before the public interest. It’s that simple. The Crime and Corruption Commission’s (CCC) work in the last few years has unfortunately demonstrated that the threat of corruption remains. Whilst it manifests in new ways, we all need to work together to identify and extinguish it.

"Building strong cultures of integrity is the single most significant action our public sector leaders at all levels can take to address corruption."

Alan MacSporran QC
Former CCC Chairperson 

The Prevention in focus series draws on CCC investigations to highlight specific prevention lessons for the Queensland public sector. 

When conflicts of interest in procurement result in criminal convictionsTwo criminal prosecutions following investigations by the CCC highlighted the importance of governance and transparency in the procurement processes for government contracts. This publication outlines the importance of implementing internal controls and reporting processes to identify and prevent attempts to corrupt procurement processes.

Conflicts of interest and disclosing confidential information — grounds for dismissal This Prevention in focus aims to highlight the importance of appropriately dealing with a conflict of interest and consequences of disclosing confidential information.

Failing to disclose and properly manage a conflict of interest — such as when your work requires you to take action or make a decision in relation to a person with whom you have a relationship — can constitute corrupt conduct.

Public sector employees need to be mindful of social, personal and family relationships, who you engage with, and how much information you share — particularly if you work in finance, contract management, law enforcement, regulatory compliance, or procurement. It may mean that you are seen as a person who can facilitate beneficial outcomes for others.

This edition explains how a person who resigns, prior to a disciplinary matter being finalised, can be the subject of a disciplinary declaration that may impact their future employment in the public sector.

Prevention in focus - Organisational change and economic recovery: Managing the risksPrevious investigations by the CCC and other anti-corruption agencies throughout Australia have demonstrated how organisational change processes can provide opportunities for corruption and decrease the early detection of wrongdoing.

An awareness of the risks associated with organisational change is vital in the current environment where there is increasing pressure on the public sector to quickly respond to the challenges arising from the COVID-19 health pandemic and its impact on the economy. The need for immediate and innovative responses, combined with changing organisational structures and oversight mechanisms within departments, presents new risks and opportunities for corruption.

This publication is aimed at the heads of public sector agencies, senior managers and members of audit and risk committees. It aims to alert senior decision-makers to current corruption risks arising from the changing public sector and economic landscape and provide advice about ways to mitigate these risks.

Timesheet and leave fraud - How managers can prevent and detect corrupt conduct relating to timesheetsThis Prevention in focus aims to educate managers on their obligations to approve and monitor employees’ timesheets and other allowances.


When does workplace bullying reach the threshold for corrupt conduct?This publication is designed to assist CCC liaison officers, supervisors and HR staff recognise cases in which public sector workplace bullying reaches the threshold of corrupt conduct and must be reported to the CCC.

Current and emerging corruption risks: opportunities to detect, intervene and prevent corruptionThis publication draws its findings from a recent assessment conducted by the CCC of corruption trends in the Queensland public sector. It is aimed at heads of public sector agencies and members of audit and risk committees. It is intended to alert senior decision-makers to current and emerging corruption risks associated with the changing public sector landscape, to raise awareness of their enablers and inform strategies aimed at preventing the incidence of corruption.

Prevention in focus - Role clarity in councilsIn recent investigations the CCC has seen some elected officials (mayors and councillors) interfere in decision making that is actually the designated responsibility of the CEO. The conviction and jailing of Chris Loft, former Mayor of the Fraser Coast Regional Council, for attempting to orchestrate the employment of a friend by Council, highlights the serious consequences of such behaviour.


Public sector employees are obliged to always act in the public interest. But sometimes, relationships with family and friends, if not managed carefully, can come into conflict with your professional obligations. This publication points out the pitfalls and potential corruption risks involved in personal relationships that cross the line, and what can be done to manage them.


Impartial, accountable and transparent decision making, particularly when it involves public servants exercising their discretion, is a cornerstone of anti-corruption. This publication outlines the importance of exercising discretionary decision-making powers appropriately to minimise corruption risks.

Originally published March 2020, updated December 2020.


Prevention In Focus – Non-disclosure agreementsPublic sector agencies may legitimately use non-disclosure agreements (NDAs) to protect their confidential information. This publication looks at what can happen when agencies use them to cover up wrongdoing. It also advises what action can be taken by public sector and local government employees if they suspect wrongdoing in their workplace but have signed an NDA.

Prevention in focus - Procurement fraud attracts prison sentence
On 31 May 2019, a former Queensland Fire and Emergency Services (QFES) Inspector received a prison sentence after pleading guilty to four counts of official corruption. This publication highlights that procurement fraud and conflicts of interest continue to be major corruption risk areas for the public sector.

Prevention in focus -  Corruption in the Queensland public sector - it's not just about public servants
On 1 March 2019, a new definition of corrupt conduct came into effect, broadening the CCC’s corruption jurisdiction. The legislation now recognises that people outside the public sector can adversely influence or corrupt public sector processes, damaging public confidence in government administration. Using recent case studies, the publication highlights the CCC’s broader jurisdiction and the types of external influences that could subvert public sector operations.

Prevention in focus - Improper access to public sector databases, no. 2
Misuse of confidential information is an area of focus for the CCC. In February 2018, we released our first Prevention in Focus paper on improper access to databases. This is the second publication on the topic and highlights that disciplinary and criminal sanctions may be imposed on public sector officers who don’t follow the rules.

Prevention in focus - Corruption in the public sector – prosecution and disciplinary action in the public interest
This publication draws on CCC case studies to illustrate when and why consideration should be given to prosecution and/or disciplinary action in cases of serious improper conduct.

Prevention in focus - Body worn cameras – their role in complaint resolution
Body worn cameras are increasingly being used by a number of public agencies, primarily the Queensland Police Service. This paper draws on CCC complaints data and case studies to raise awareness of how these devices can be useful in resolving complaints.

Prevention in focus - ICT procurement – what are the corruption risks?
The Queensland Government is currently spending over $1.38 billion on ICT projects across its departments. It is therefore timely for the CCC to remind the public sector about the corruption risks associated with this type of high-cost procurement activity.

Prevention in focus - Conflicts of interest — are you managing yours appropriately?
Using case studies and scenarios, this publication seeks to raise awareness among public sector agency staff and managers of the issues and, in some cases, allegations that can arise from a conflict of interest that is not properly identified, documented, managed and monitored.

Prevention in focus - The potential cost of failing to perform duties as a police officer: What you should know
This document seeks to make police more aware of their duties as police officers and the serious consequences they may face if they ignore their obligations to the service and to the public.

Prevention in focus - Improper access to public sector databases: What you should know
This document describes the risks to public agencies and their staff of incidents of improper access to private information. As well as including a case study, it identifies particular areas of vulnerability and measures to address them.

Prevention in focus - Risks in recruitment — are you adequately vetting your staff: What you should know
This document seeks to help managers, members of selection panels and HR staff in public agencies to be more aware of the dangers of recruiting or promoting people who pose corruption risks, particularly into high-risk positions, and how to use effective vetting processes to minimise those risks.

Prevention in focus - Corruption risks involving publicly funded research: What you should know

This document describes the risks to universities and other publicly funded organisations of fraud or attempted fraud in relation to research results and grant applications. As well as including a case study, it identifies particular areas of vulnerability and measures to address them.

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Publication Type
Corruption Prevention Resources
Local government
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