What the CCC investigates
The CCC investigates major crime referred to it by the Crime Reference Committee, a statutory body established under the Crime and Corruption Act.
A system of general referrals enables the CCC to investigate specific areas of major crime without the need for a specific referral from the committee. These referrals include:
- Organised Crime — organised crime that involves an offence relating to drugs, weapons, money laundering, property or prostitution, or an offence against the person or the administration of justice
- Organised Crime (Facilitators) — organised crime that involves a professional facilitator, an industry insider or a drug producer
- Serious Crime (Vulnerable Victims) — offences of homicide or serious harm to a “vulnerable victim” (i.e. aged under 16, aged over 70 or physically or mentally disabled)
- Serious Crime (Sexual Offences) — sexual offences committed by a “serial” offender, or which are aggravated by the presence of multiple offenders and/or a weapon
- Criminal Paedophilia — sexual offences against children and/or offences relating to child exploitation material
- Terrorism — terrorist acts, or threats of terrorist acts.
Specific referrals are granted on a case-by-case basis for matters not covered by a general referral, where a police investigation may not be effective and it is in the public interest.
What is major crime?
Under the Crime and Corruption Act 2001, major crime means—