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You are here: Home About the CCC Our History
You are here: Home About the CCC Our History
You are here: Home About the CCC Our History

Our history


To mark our 30-year anniversary, we will be publishing a series of articles exploring the journey and achievements of the CJC, the QCC, the CMC and the CCC.


                The Fitzgerald Inquiry

                In May 1987 Acting Queensland Premier Bill Gunn ordered a commission of inquiry after the media reported possible police corruption involving illegal gambling and prostitution.  Tony Fitzgerald QC was appointed to lead the "Commission of Inquiry into Possible Illegal Activities and Associated Police Misconduct", known as the Fitzgerald Inquiry.

                During the Inquiry, the terms of reference were extended to look into "any other matter or thing appertaining to the aforesaid matters", which enabled Fitzgerald to further investigate evidence of political corruption.

                Initially expected to last about six weeks, the Inquiry spent almost two years conducting a comprehensive investigation of long-term systemic political corruption and abuse of power in Queensland. Public sittings were held on 238 sitting days, hearing testimony from 339 witnesses, and focusing public attention in Queensland and throughout Australia on integrity and accountability in public office including policing.

                The Inquiry changed the policing and political landscape in Queensland and across Australia.  Significant prosecutions followed the Inquiry, leading to four ministers being jailed and numerous convictions of other police. Former Police Commissioner Terence Lewis was convicted of corruption, jailed, and stripped of his knighthood, and former Premier Sir Joh Bjelke-Petersen was charged with perjury for evidence given to the Inquiry although the trial was aborted due to a hung jury.

                The 630-page Fitzgerald report was tabled in Parliament in July 1989. It made over 100 recommendations covering the establishment of the Electoral and Administrative Review Commission and the Criminal Justice Commission (CJC) and reform of the Queensland Police Force.

                From the CJC to the CCC

                After the 1987–89 Fitzgerald Inquiry into police corruption, the Criminal Justice Commission (CJC) was established in 1989 to help restore confidence in our public institutions. The two-year Inquiry also led to the creation of the Queensland witness protection service within the CJC. The CJC investigated police and public sector misconduct as well as working with the police to investigate organised and major crime.

                In 1997 the CJC’s crime function was given to the newly formed Queensland Crime Commission (QCC), which was also tasked with investigating paedophilia.

                In 2001 the Queensland Government decided to form a single body to fight crime and public sector misconduct — the Crime and Misconduct Commission (CMC), a statutory body created under the Crime and Misconduct Act 2001.

                On 1 July 2014, following extensive reviews and legislative changes, the Crime and Misconduct Act 2001 changed to the Crime and Corruption Act 2001 and the CMC became the Crime and Corruption Commission (CCC). A new jurisdiction and framework for the CCC was developed with a focus on serious and systemic corruption.

                Last updated: 22 August 2019

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